Organic Gardening Guide – All Tips You Need

5 Important Tips For Organic Gardeners

Organic gardening; It is one of the most popular activities in recent years for those living in their private houses with gardens in the city and those who have a garden where they can perform their hobbies. “Let me grow my own crops in my own garden like that. Let me taste natural fruit and vegetables without additives. " Although there are many reasons why a person started organic gardening, the reasons for starting organic gardening can vary. So; There may be those who want to draw attention to both environmental pollution and unhealthy nutrition. There may also be those who just like to do vineyard gardening.

1) Use good quality soil as possible

The natural soil in your garden may also be sufficient for this. However, considering an organic activity that is tried to be carried out in the city environment, soil fertility is often insufficient and needs external contribution.

Even the soil to be procured from outside is generally dune, mineral-free, which is insufficient, so it can be difficult to make an efficient organic gardening.

That’s why; It would be best for you to use soil that is as fertile as possible in terms of fertilizer, minerals and various values. You are dealing with one of the best hobbies in the world, save money… 🙂

2) Set the plants according to the most efficient irrigation

The external appearance of your garden is of course important.

We do not say that all your products will be looted, you will not get any yield from your gardening. But you spend so much effort and water than normally enough that after a while you may even get cold from work.

The efficient sequence will also change according to the annual rainfall in your region and the type of plant you will grow.

3) You should definitely have local plant species in your garden.

Maybe the plants you want to grow are local varieties, then what about… But if you intend to grow a little more specific and not found in the region according to the principles of organic agriculture and gardening, be sure to add local products that have evolved with the ecosystem and climate in the region. It; It will make it easier for your new products to adapt to the region and will increase the yield much more by drawing the ecological chain of other living things, plants and soil to your garden.

4) Reduce the grass

Recent studies on organic agriculture and horticulture show that more than 40% of the garden is covered with grass, which reduces productivity and causes extra labor.

Of course, extra greens are always better. Both aesthetically and as an indicator of the vitality of the soil .. But if you want a true organic gardening, you should leave as much free space in the soil as possible to allow it to breathe and reduce the amount of labor with water consumption.

5) Do not neglect the use of mulch.

Mulching, especially using organic residues (straw waste, wood residues, etc.); It will allow the moisture content of the plants to be optimized. By contributing to the adjustment of the moisture content, it will keep the temperature at the desired levels, and will also contribute to the mineral richness of the soil and its flow to the plant.


Eco-Garden: How do we do organic gardening?

Create an eco-friendly garden instead of an ordinary garden.

Okay, you have finally set up your dream garden behind your home. Your garden is developing rapidly, very beautiful and environmentally friendly. But is it really so? As with anything in life, your garden could probably be better. This is where the eco-friendly garden is done. There are many different ways to turn your garden into an environmentally friendly garden that is naturally sustainable, based on renewable energy and reduces your waste. Here are 7 ways you can turn your garden into a place you can be proud of and have a positive impact on the environment.

Compost is key

Compost is a must for an eco-garden. It is very easy to apply, it is really hard to believe that many people already compost their garden. Compost is simply the decomposition of food and other organic waste. You can make compost in a bucket or in a pit, depending on the size of your garden. Basically, all the waste in your garden, all of the food waste in your kitchen goes to the compost bucket and then scattered in your garden buckets. Compost is very simple, organic and transfers all the nutrients it contains to your soil.

Switch to organization

The only way to make an eco-friendly garden is to go completely organic. If you grow fruit and vegetables in your garden, organic is not only healthier for you and your family, but also much more environmentally friendly altogether. The reason for this is that no chemical pesticides and fertilizers are used in the organic garden. Instead of these harmful crops, your garden will thrive with your own organic compost and seeds without GMO.

Store the rainwater

The simplest and cheapest way to water your garden is to install rainwater barrels in your garden. You can place barrels or containers in your garden to collect and store rainwater. Using rainwater to water your eco-friendly garden is another way to reduce your environmental footprint and reuse natural resources. Tip: You can also install drain pipes to transfer your water from your home drain pipes to your sustainable garden.

Stay local

Growing native plants and flowers in your garden will surely make your garden grow much more natural than foreign plants that do not naturally exist in your climate. If you choose local varieties to plant in your garden, they will adapt themselves to the natural conditions of your garden and will not need water or fertilizers. The need for less resources will make your garden much more environmentally friendly and your garden will definitely be much more sustainable.

Welcome to the birds

Anyone who has a garden knows that a small ecosystem grows with the garden. It is very interesting to watch the various small insects in your garden while the plants are developing on the one hand, and on the other hand, this can sometimes be caterpillars, ants or snails. However, sometimes these small pests can destroy your garden. You can spray toxic pesticides and weed killers to combat them. Yes, these drugs are absolutely not environmentally friendly. Instead, you can install bird feeders in your garden and create natural insecticides using birds to naturally get rid of pests in your garden. Tip: There are also natural remedies to get rid of these harmful insects in your eco-garden, such as broken eggshells.

Environmentally friendly vehicles

It takes a little bit of work, but it’s definitely worth it. Get rid of your gas lawnmower immediately and replace it with an electric or push lawnmower. Apply this method for your entire garden and make a big difference in your eco-friendly garden with electric tools. This also applies to your furniture. You can make the entire garden sustainable with eco-friendly design furniture, such as certain types of wood furniture that have not been treated with chemicals and may be exposed to cold months.

Solar energy

Solar energy will come. As we know, solar energy is much more sustainable in electricity, if so why not implement it in your already environmentally friendly garden? If you plan to light your garden, you can do this by installing solar panels. These panels charge with daylight during the day and illuminate your garden at night. Your electricity bills, garden and eco-friendly footprint will thank you later.


Greenhouse guide for organic gardeners

The Green Revolution took some time to start, but today more than 60 percent of homes in America have more  sustainable green spaces . However, interest in growing fruits, vegetables, herbs and other useful plants at home has also increased. However, climate products for every living ( subsistence crop ) is not suitable for cultivation. Fortunately, there is a solution that covers all these adverse conditions: Greenhouses .

Greenhouses make gardening easy. By regulating the environment, they provide the plants with an ideal environment where they can grow large and durable in all seasons. More importantly, they allow gardeners to have complete control over soil, water, fertilizer and air, so they can be sure that fruits, vegetables and herbs are completely organic .

Greenhouse gardening can be daunting, but with this guide, any gardener can build a fully organic and fully efficient greenhouse anywhere.

Greenhouses make gardening easy. By regulating the environment, they provide the plants with an ideal environment where they can grow large and durable in all seasons. More importantly, they allow gardeners to have complete control over soil, water, fertilizer and air, so they can be sure that fruits, vegetables and herbs are completely organic .

Greenhouse gardening can be daunting, but with this guide, any gardener can build a fully organic and fully efficient greenhouse anywhere.

Location

For a greenhouse to be most effective, gardeners must carefully decide where to build it in their garden. The north-south facade provides the most daylight, which is important for the plants to grow large and strong. However, trees and other structures in private gardens may cause shadows on the north-south facades. Places that get at least 6 hours of daylight during the day are perfect areas for greenhouses.

To build or to buy?

Some skilled gardeners take it as a duty to build their greenhouses with their own nails. This is not highly recommended, as most simple greenhouses require little more than glass and steel, but it can be done. Modern greenhouses offer more than just a roof; daylight, temperature control, air and soil moisture systems and more. Gardeners can even buy it from smart greenhouses controlled by digital devices . Setting up greenhouses is much easier when you buy these high-tech options from professional greenhouses.

Soil investigation

Every good gardener knows that not all soil is soil. The era needs carefully prepared soil so that it can provide the plants with the nutrients they need. The most suitable soil is usually ” clay ” soil. It consists of a mixture of sand and clay that provides sufficient space for the root to grow, maintaining moisture well. In addition, gardeners should make sure that the pH of the soil is between 6 and 7, which will destroy harmful bacteria without harming the plants. A healthy soil needs air, water, and worms to dissolve organic matter.

Is it hot or not?

Many people think greenhouses are warm, humid, and highly tropical. However, most organic vegetable growers will not need that much heat and moisture. In fact, it is often better for plants to lower the temperature a bit.

However, to keep the area at the proper temperature, the gardener needs something heat-controlling. Those who prefer professional greenhouses can obtain sensors and systems that automatically adjust the temperature. In the meantime, in greenhouses built at home, the difference between hot and cold is balanced with thermometers that do not contain mercury and by opening the windows and ventilation .

Water miracle

The hardest job for most gardeners is watering. Everyone knows that less watering kills the plants, while excessive watering kills even faster. Pre-built ready made greenhouses come with irrigation or drip irrigation system with timing function. This way, gardeners can be sure that their plants are watered properly. Gardeners who do not have a timer irrigation system will need to take care of controlling soil moisture. Regardless of what system they use, gardeners can choose to use rainwater harvesting barrels to water their plants to help conserve water resources .

Food for food

Perhaps the most organic plant food option is to collect compost, which is formed by the decay of food residues . When done well, the cost of compost is almost negligible and prevents valuable waste from going to landfill. In addition, compost reduces the water requirement of the plant, which will reduce your water consumption. Once you get started, continuing to collect compost will be inexpensive. Gardeners can also start collecting compost during the transition period to greenhouse cultivation.

Insects

Organic gardeners should be extremely careful about pest control. Because chemical pesticides are very dangerous for plants, natural life and humans. Insects and rodents cause organic crops to rot easily. Fortunately, greenhouse walls keep most pests at bay. Other insects can be protected naturally by planting onions, garlic, tobacco or plants such as marigold, petunias and chrysanthemums that insects do not approach.


ORGANIC GARDENING
Nowadays, the idea that urban dwellers should move away from nature and that agricultural production can only be done in areas outside of the city is no longer valid. Many people who enjoy gardening practice organic urban gardening on their balcony, terrace or backyard. It prefers to grow delicious and healthy products in its gardens without using harmful chemicals and fertilizers by preparing an environment where they can grow organically. It is possible to do gardening in harmony with nature, without harming the beneficial bacteria and living things in the soil. Having a garden that is in harmony with nature by changing your gardening style may be a little difficult at first. However, if you walk resolutely on this path that requires knowledge and effort, you will finally enjoy it.
 
In organic gardening, controlling insects naturally is an essential rule. Chemical pesticides should never be used when plants are attacked. Creating biodiversity in the garden will allow diseases to be controlled naturally. The plant variety attracts beneficial insects and prevents possible plant diseases from spreading throughout the garden. You should always choose plants that suit your garden conditions. Pests will of course live in an organic garden, but animals, birds, and insects are the most important protectors that keep gardens free from these pests. Turning towards applications that will increase biodiversity in your garden is a must for organic gardening. In our organic gardening category, you will have access to many information and products that you can use to garden in natural ways. 

20 suggestions for the organic vegetable garden

 

We share 20 tips from planning to layout to create a perfect vegetable garden.

  1. If you are just starting out in vegetable gardening, you should live your first experience in a garden that you will not have trouble dealing with. Large areas can give you a hard time in the first place.
  2. Whatever the size of your garden, you first need good planning.
  3. We strongly recommend that you keep a garden journal. The daily gardening experiences you will write here will benefit you a lot in the future. The weather and soil temperature during the day, irrigation record, planting and transporting dates of seedlings, fertilization processes, measures taken against pests, harvest information are among the notes you should take.
  4. Besides features such as light, slope and humidity, the distance of your vegetable garden from home is also important. In order for the irrigation process to be easy, you should take care that the fountain is within reach.
  5. The fact that the garden is visible from the window of the house allows you to plan your vegetables from home.
  6. The width of the planting pad can be shaped according to your wishes, but the depth should be determined according to the needs of the vegetables you will use. Vegetables that you grow on a wide, deep and high planting pad will be more efficient and healthy. Vegetables such as carrots, celery, and onions have deeper root systems than previously thought.
  7. You need to be able to easily reach the middle of the planting pad in order to be able to weed out weeds, prune and harvest easily. Regardless of the width of the planting pillow, you should never walk on it.
  8. The most important factor in garden planning is sunlight. Some plants can live in partial shade, but many vegetables require sunlight. Especially the morning sun is important in preventing many diseases and drying the raw grains.
  9. Three-quarters of the total area of ​​your vegetable garden is designed for growing herbs and vegetables, and a quarter of it is designed as a walkway. Thus, the vegetables make maximum use of the soil in the garden.
  10. The large garden also hosts possible winds. Coastal areas and northwest facing gardens are windy. A gentle breeze affects the air flow in the garden positively. However, strong and frequent winds absorb the moisture from the leaves, break the stems of the vegetables and cause the leaves to tear. In other words, it harms the garden. Therefore, it is important to know in advance which direction the wind is blowing into your garden.
  11. You can solve a very wet soil problem by digging drainage gutters or underground piping. You can tell whether the drainage is good or not from the late drying of the soil and sludge formation.
  12. Garden tools are your garden’s most valuable friend. The important thing is to use the necessary tool whenever necessary.
  13. Most vegetables in the garden want at least 6 hours of direct sun a day. It is useful to plant tall vegetables in the northern part of the garden. Thus, these vegetables do not overshadow the short ones.
  14. You can plant deep rooted vegetables alongside shallow root vegetables. You can create a natural shade by planting cool weather-loving vegetables and tall vegetables side by side.
  15. You can plant vegetables of the same family side by side in the same soil. Because the vegetables of the same family generally affect each other positively or have neutral effects on each other. Like tomato, eggplant, potato …
  16. Vegetables can share the nutrients in the soil among themselves. It is not the root that limits the even distribution of nutrients, but the number of vegetables in the planting pad.
  17. Plant vegetables that do not need much nutritional values, such as carrots, next to those who need nutritional values. So they balance each other.
  18. If a vegetable is planted in the same area every year, the quality of the soil deteriorates over time and the plant is adversely affected, as certain nutritional values ​​in the soil are consumed in excess. So rotation is important. Not planting a vegetable two years in a row; You have to wait 2-3 years before sowing the same vegetable in the same soil.
  19. After the harvest of vegetables that consume the nutritional value in the soil, choose varieties that do not need much nutritional value.
  20. Herbs make the best use of small spaces in small gardens. You can plant herbs instead of flowers.
What Is Organic Seed?

Organic seeds are the seeds that many growers have chosen for a long time, prioritizing taste and productivity.  

In recent years, commercial enterprises have preferred highly attractive plant seeds produced with commercial concerns that are suitable for mechanical harvest, shelf life, resistance to chemicals, suitability for transportation, and not affected by different climatic conditions.
While these seeds are fertile after planting in the first year, the seeds taken from these plants are either barren or do not form plants with the desired characteristics. If you want to reproduce the same plant, you have to contact a commercial supplier and buy seeds again. 
However, organic seeds produce a product every year and continuously, there is no need to buy seeds once the seed is taken. In other words, organic seeds are seeds that have adapted to that region and have been passed down from generation to generation by local producers for many years, and these seeds are better adapted to the diseases, temperature and soil suitable for the local ecology.

In developed countries, organic seeds have an organic seed certificate. In our country, organic seeds that have not yet developed organic seed certification are distributed from generation to generation and through seed changes.

Another feature of organic seeds is that they do not contain any chemical preservatives and chemical fertilizers, commercial seeds are usually treated with chemicals against fungi and insects.


Organic seeds are seeds collected from plants grown with safe agricultural methods, sensitive to human, environment and animal health.
According to the organic agriculture regulation applied in our country, the organic seed recipe is as follows.

Organic seed ; It must be in its biological form that has not been genetically modified, the DNA sequence in the fertilized cell nucleus has not been tampered with, and has not been treated with synthetic pesticides, radiation or microwave.



How to Build an Organic Vegetable Garden?

Overview

Buying organic garden products is a great way to protect our world by making informed choices about plant and soil use. Organic vegetable gardens are an inexpensive way to produce beneficial fertilizers as well as produce healthy and nutritious vegetables.

Setting up an organic vegetable garden is relatively easier and safer than buying organic produce .

Step 1

Garden planning, take paper and pen, draw your garden on paper, decide where to grow, some plants are better suited to binary growing systems, it is time to research these plants Example Corn, bean binary system.

Step 2 

Tillage the soil How loose the soil is and bulging to mix soil after ser 7-8 cm of compost cool compost on that iyidir.

Step 3

Do not forget the certified organic seed packets or seedlings of the distance between alın.bit pantry good set of closely spaced planting would be fungal diseases and shading 

Step 4

The first planting Fill it well with water so that a growing environment for seeds and seedlings is established. For some plants to grow healthy, plant a stick next to it.

Step 5 

Organic plants have many enemies, breed ladybirds will eat aphids. 

Step 6 

If the disease is detected, use organic remedies. If the disease is serious, remove that plant from the garden. 

Step 7

Get
 your plants to root better by removing weeds in the garden.


What is Organic Gardening?

In our country, it is mostly called organic agriculture, but different words in other countries have the same connotation. In countries such as America, Canada, England, organic (organic), in Germany, ecological (ecological), in France, they are expressed in terms such as biological (bioloque). There is no single definition of organic agriculture accepted in the world. The Directorate of Agriculture and Rural Affairs defines Organic Agriculture as “a controlled and certified form of agricultural production at every stage from production to consumption, without using chemical inputs in production”. In another definition, Organic agriculture includes human and environment friendly production systems aimed at restoring the natural balance lost as a result of faulty applications .

In addition to the prohibition of the use of chemical pesticides and
fertilizers, it is a form of production that recommends organic and green fertilization, alternation, preservation of the soil, increasing the resistance of the plant, taking advantage of parasites and predators and aims to increase the quality of the product as well as increase the amount in production by demanding that all these possibilities are created in a closed system ( Marangoz 2005, p.11).

In one of the competent sources on this subject, Lampkin (1990) defines organic agriculture as: “an agricultural approach aiming to create integrated, civilized, environmentally and economically sustainable systems”.

As can be understood from all definitions, organic agriculture is a sustainable production and lifestyle that ensures people’s adaptation to ecology while producing, and guarantees our future while conserving their health.



Result: 
 Urban-like, detached with garden, hobby garden, etc. etc. Wherever you are doing organic gardening; With a fertile soil, an ecosystem that will be attracted by local plants and organic wastes, a non-sterile and natural environment you will create with the help of mulches, it is possible to collect the most efficient products by spending extremely little labor, water and time.

If any of our schools will give advice other than these main suggestions, we definitely welcome them to the comment section.

Hope to see you in the next articles, goodbye …


 

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